Royal Government of Cambodia

In the beyond twenty years,

 Cambodia has gone through many significant changes mirroring the gallant penance of the Cambodian nation to safeguard and to revamp their country, the norm of their living, and the thriving of their future. Cambodia gains complete rights and sovereignty with the Paris Peace Agreement of October 23, 1991. As a consequence of this, the people of Cambodia may fervently develop their nation with the generous assistance of international communities.

They had to deal with numerous critical proceedings before they could achieve prosperity. Peace and national reconciliation were finally achieved through His Majesty's vision of Preah Bat Samdech Norodom Sihanouk, the adored king of Cambodia.

At the second meeting of the propitious plenarymeeting of the Public Gathering, I (Samdech Hun Sen, Top state leader) have the pleasure to present the Regal Administration of Cambodia's Foundation for endorsement from the august authoritative body, the Public Gathering. In order to rebuild Cambodia and guarantee the people peace, stability, democracy, and development, it serves as a foundation for governance.

I. Strategies:

A. Homegrown Approaches:

The primary objective of the Regal Government is to guarantee harmony, stability,and public solidarity. Respect for human rights needs to be firmly promoted in Cambodia in order to establish a political stability that is favorable to the economic and social development of the country as well as the reduction of poverty.

1. Pacification:

National unity is upheld by the Royal Government. Cambodians from all walks of life and political backgrounds must unite to defend their nation's independence, peace, and prosperity in order to honor the consuls of His Majesty the King.

The Royal Government would welcome the return of the Khmer Rouge's remnants to restore permanent peace and political stability. It continues to integrate the people who support the pacification policy that has been successful in Pailin, Samlot, Malai, Anlong Veng, and Preah Vihea, among other places.

In order to integrate the Cambodian refugees into society, the Royal Government continues to work with international organizations to establish the repatriation program. To prevent the return of the genocidal regime and the tragedies of recent times, it would pay any price. The court would put the outlawed Khmer Rouge's hard-line leaders on trial. In the interim, a few ex-servicemembers would be reinstated into the Royal Armed Forces by the Royal Government. Under the chairmanship of His Majestythe Lord, the November 13 proclamation obviously accentuated that the functioning gathering incharge of military issues should right away and appropriately carry out theagreements set out in the soul of the November 12-13 highest point. The Cambodian Kingdom has complete control. It is a bound together state, not a withdrew state.

2. Liberal Majority rule Cycle andRespect of Common liberties:

The Royal Government upholds democratic pluralism and the protection of human rights because, in its opinion, they are essential to social progress. Since democratization and liberalization of all social structures are driving forces behind economic and social change, they must be addressed immediately. The Royal Government defends and opposes the freedoms guaranteed to its citizens by the Constitution, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the Conventions on Civil and Political Rights, the Convention on the Rights of Women and Children, and the Convention on Social, Economic, and Cultural Rights. It strongly opposes hatred based on race. The state-run human rights institution's overall structure would be improved.

3. Freedom of Speech and the Press:

Freedom of the press, freedom of speech, and freedom of assembly are strongly supported by the Royal Government and freely contribute to social and political conscience. Public forums are encouraged in order to gather opinions from a variety of perspectives. At the same time, freedom and anarchy ought to be distinguished clearly. The Constitution gives itcitizenry their opportunities to be appreciated and respected, not to be disastrous andintrusive.

4. Oppositions' Function:

To activate the insight from varying backgrounds andbackgrounds to assemble the country, the Illustrious Government generally upholds the roleof resistances for valuable analysis, and for good administrations to the country. The opposition has complete legal authority to engage in political activity. The Royal Government fully guarantees them equal social and political benefits, including employment, justice, and freedom. They may assistCambodia's young vote based system to be completely evolved. They can be called oppositions even if they don't involve themselves. In order for Cambodia and her people to enjoy the benefits of long-lasting political strength and national stability, the opposition and the Royal Government would need to work together to advance the national interest, social stability, and welfare of the people.

The law will specify the oppositions' function.

5. The Civil Society's Participation:

The rule of law will be incorporated into the Royal Government's and civil society's efforts to improve democracy, liberty, and social order. They might not be able to grow the country by putting political and civil society's interests at odds. The common societyshall be a vital accomplice of the Regal Government in the development of Cambodia. In view, the Imperial Government would embrace the numerous exercises of thenon-legislative associations and of affiliations, which have served theCambodian individuals from one side of the country to the other. It will allocate special funds to the non-governmental organization for the purpose of providing services on its behalf to those in need. International non-governmental organizations' participation in the rehabilitation of economic development and the promotion of democracy and human rights would be welcomed by the Royal Government. As a result, a law governing non-governmental organizations and associations must be drafted.

6. The Law as It Is:

The foundation of democracy and the long-term viability of the government and all institutions is the rule of law. It is to ensurefreedom, public interest, equity, congruity, and social maintainability. To put an end to violations of human dignity, a robust legal framework is urgently required. The authorization and schooling of regulation would be broadly scattered. All men areborn free and approach, yet they should not be permitted to be exempt from the rules that everyone else follows. All members of a set of laws must be treated equally.

7. Reforms:

Administrative, judicial, military, political, and economic reforms need to be done right now.

Today, Cambodia's authoritative machine is unreasonable. The Imperial Government can not further help it. It would make moves to reformit. It ought to bit by bit managed. It ought to be unbiased and sound administration,which is able to serve individuals successfully. The rule for government employees must be strictly followed. The preparation program to refresh the information and skillof the utilizes should be unexpectedly redesigned and kept up with.

The actual design of regions and its citiesmust be looked into. The common organization independence ought to seriouslyconsidered. The administration of areas, locale, collectives and towns shouldbe appropriately completed to rules and guidelines.

The court and the judicial system must be completely overhauled. By regulation, they should be free, fair, andtrustworthy. To succeed their mission, the organizations among the nationalinstitutions, like the Public Gathering, the Public authority, the ConstitutionalCouncil, the Chamber of Magistracy, and the court, ought to be survived. The salaries of judges must be raised appropriately. Particularly, Supreme Court judges must request that their summons be properly recorded and executed. Be that as it may, if thereis an appointed authority committing an infringement, the Chamber of Magistracy ought to immediatelyreprimand the person in question.

It is necessary to put an end to the abuses of power and corruption that prevent people from being promoted and supported in their daily lives. Those exploitations must not be used against the investors, businesspeople, and Cambodians. The fight against corruption is a top priority for the Royal Government of Cambodia.

The Imperial Government would set straightforwardness in everywork force. The anti-corruption organization would soon be established. The following urgent actions would be taken to ensure workforce effectiveness:

The creation of an agency to monitor and combat corruption, the wealth clearance decree, the control of state estates, the encouragement of citizens to participate in the fight against corruption, and the appropriation of a pay raise for civil servants in accordance with the national budget are all examples of anti-corruption legislation.

B. National Security and Defense:

The Military Police, the National Police, and the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) would carry out their duties in accordance with the rules of order for the Military and Police. They must be impartial, submissive, and self-controlled. In order to safeguard the Cambodian constitution, they must give their lives. To maintain peace, security, and stability, as well as to uphold law and order, they would bravely defend the independence, sovereignty, and territorial integrity of the nation. They must put an end to terrorism, insurgency, and secession. Kidnapping, armed robbery, drug trafficking, artifact smuggling, money laundering, and sexual exploitation of minors and women must all be completely eradicated. In order to make their nation prosperous and secure for all, including diplomats, investors, tourists, and foreign workers, they must effectively enforce the law.

They would take part in the programs for national development. In order to save people's lives from natural causes, they need to participate actively in the rescue operation. They should stop using illegal weapons and shut down arms black markets.

It is possible to examine the militia service. Some placesstill its help. It does not apply to other locations. Notwithstanding, thedemobilization of civilian army and its demobilization ought to be profoundly thought of.

C. International Policies:

Cambodia's neutrality and non-alliance policies are followed. It unpredictably lays out relations with all agreeable statesworldwide. It implements policies that promote understanding, equality, respect, and non-interference in the internal affairs of other states.

Cambodia would strengthen its friendship and cooperation with its neighbors on a bilateral level. Negotiations and peaceful methods would be used to resolve the border issues with its neighbors.

Cambodia would form friendships both bilaterally and multilaterally with nations in the region, particularly ASEAN. It wants to do everything it can to help make Southeast Asia a place of peace, tranquility, and prosperity.

At the point when it turns into a functioning individual from ASEAN, Cambodiawould act inside the rule of the arrangements.

Cambodia is an individual from uncommitted development. It would expand its diplomatic ties with other nations and establish embassies within its financial and human resources within the framework of agreements.

A good United Nations member would be Cambodia, who holds humanity in high regard.

Cambodia would use its immigration law, which upholds the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to address the issue of illegal immigrants.

The international community has made a significant contribution to Cambodia's peace, democracy, and prosperity, and the Royal Government of Cambodia is indebted to them.

II. Economic Policy:

The national development program relies heavily on the economy to support sustainability and macroeconomics. It ought to really utilize its regular and HR. Cambodia would support a free market economy that is linked to a program to fight poverty and promote social justice. The economic mechanism operates in accordance with the free market economy's rules and regulations.

The market would be supported, but not managed by the Royal Government. The private sector would be granted the right to determine its own productivity, investment, and spending, and the Royal Government would intervene much less. For the reasons, it would set legitimate andadministrative designs to guarantee opportunity and independence of the private sectorto property right, work, calling, and the option to openly contend.

It would enhance the economic management structure and mechanism to guarantee effectiveness and transparency in the fight against corruption and lawlessness. That is crucial for maintaining macroeconomic stability, raising people's standard of living, and encouraging investment.

The physical agricultural infrastructure, electricity, and human resources that are essential to overall development are given top priority. The following objectives must be met:

To speed the monetary development to improvethe well known expectation for everyday comforts and to make greater business. Amassing and transforming national products and natural resources into exportable goods is the primary potential to boost economic growth. In order to increase foreign investment, the Royal Government of Cambodia would enhance economic regulations and promote the country's position as a producer of goods.

To guarantee the security of Riel money, to keep the inflationrate under control, to forestall the deficiency of income and confidential saving by the Rielfluctuation, and to construct trust in Riel by devaluating with alert thedollar.

to increase agricultural and manufacturing exports of high quality and expertise.

It would be best for the Royal Government to alleviate poverty. Not only is reducing poverty the foundation for economic development's long-term viability, but it is also the top priority for implementing the social program.

To achieve the above objectives, the Imperial Government would hold onto down thefollowing awkward nature:

between what is needed and what is available, particularly in terms of food, housing, transportation, education, and health care.

within the national budget, between the revenue and expenditures.

Between the import and commodity.

between the goods and the currency.

between the civil servant and military personnel's standard of living and their salaries.

between the employment growth and the rise in the workforce.

between the requirement for national development and human resource training.

The projects listed in Cambodia's national rehabilitation and development program would be continued by the Royal Government. It would zero in on the drawn out program for theeconomic and social improvement in the initial a long time from 1996-2000. It also tries to meet the urgent demand for public sector investment.

The Royal Government may implement the following economic strategies based on these fundamentals and ongoing accomplishments:

The process of selecting those who are healthy, well-educated, disciplined, honest, independent, and responsible is strongly supported by the Royal Government. In this spirit, the Royal Government must vigorously promote the enhancement of education quality, health care, and food security, giving priority to investments in higher education and vocational training. The Cambodian workers would have more experience and knowledge.

The center for knowledge transfer would be established in conjunction with the Chamber of Commerce and other professional organizations by the Royal Government.

The current state of Cambodia's national infrastructure severely hampers economic expansion. The Imperial Governmentwould keep on restoring the public foundation. Ultimately it would privatize the mass transportation and correspondence, the media transmission, andthe electrical power supply.


The really financial foundation of Cambodia isagriculture. The Imperial Government would improve the water system framework, becauseagricultural exercises in Cambodia are exclusively reliant upon the climate. As a result, the General Direction of Irrigation must be elevated to the Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology level. In five years from1998-2003, it would expand the water system limit from 16.62% to 20%, for example ancapacity from 374,603 ha. To 450,600 ha. of fields of rice

The distribution and strict monitoring of the water supply would occur. It is imperative that clean water remains of the highest possible quality.

Privatization of the rubber plantation would occur. By providing credit and ownership, the Royal Government would encourage rubber production on a large or small scale.

The Illustrious Government would combine the forestmanagement to guarantee its supportability. It rigorously and totally boycotts illegallogging. It would make the accompanying moves to:

Stop investing in more wood processing projects.

Examine each contract for a forest concession and terminate any that do not comply. The forest would be used for national parks and habitats under the contract that was not followed.

The Royal Government must strictly enforce its reforestation policy. Encourage companies with contracts to modernize their factories to increase the value of timber and create more jobs for Cambodians.

Change the law on forest management so that investors, who do follow the rules, will benefit. It is necessary to bring those responsible for illegal logging and other violations of forest law to justice.


The Royal Government would push both big and small businesses to do their jobs. It would concentrate on a plan to produce goods for export rather than import. The opening up of international trade makes it hard for domestic goods to compete on foreign markets. The small industries generate sufficient output for domestic consumption. It makes every effort to establish the textile and agricultural industries as the foundation of Cambodian business.

The Royal Government encourages exploration and research into petrol, natural gas, and other minerals, which has the potential to help the nation meet its economic objective and provide an adequate supply of low-cost electricity.


The Royal Government would intensify its tradeliberalization strategy. It would work with the free dissemination of merchandise. the quantity and cost of increasing production. It would likewise widen internationaltrade connection by crossing over the homegrown business sectors to unfamiliar business sectors. At long last itwould advanced the incorporation and worldwide exchange.


The Imperial Government would advance the improvement oftourism and come to become the travel industry of culture and nature. Private and public investments in tourist infrastructure would rise as a result. It would guarantee political stability and safety. Vacationer workhas to be connected by the conservation of regular social legacy and naturalenvironment.

Economic Policy in the World:

The Royal Government adheres to the liberalization of international trade and integrates the national economy into the global economy in a precise political policy regarding its external economics. Through this arrangement, Cambodia sets itself up to draw in and to confront regionallyand universally the course of financial internationalization. The application of mass based on the availability of domestic resources will simultaneously enhance the competitive productivity and capacity of the Cambodian economy on international markets.

However, Cambodia will be confronted with the influx of foreign finished goods, which rejects a number of the country's industries. As Cambodia prepares to join ASEAN and the World Trade Organization in the near future, the pressure of the regional economy's integration will increase the burden on the national budget through a decrease in tax revenue and import duties. These monetary exercises would change the financial construction of Cambodia. The Royal Government is hopeful and is getting ready to modify its legal procedures to accommodate the economic integration.

Policy on Investments:

Through the implementation of the principle and encouragement of the investment policy of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Royal Government of Cambodia encourages both internal and external investments. In order to attract more investment, developed nations, and market expansion, it strengthens its cooperation with friendly nations and their institutions.

Social and political stability as well as macroeconomic stability must be guaranteed for an investment-friendly environment. The investment policy's guiding principles and principles must be strictly adhered to. The Royal Government of Cambodia may reform and strengthen the institution that oversees investment activities, particularly by improving the formality of investment applications to combat corruption and illegal activities.

monetary and financial policies:

The Regal Government should guarantee the adequacy ofthe execution of its monetary and financial arrangements. The recently improved fiscal policy has not yet been properly implemented. The public financial plan, which has aduty to assess, to gather, and to disseminate the public assets, is themost significant instrument to deal with the monetary and social approaches of the RoyalGovernment of Cambodia. The Royal Government must prioritize the promotion of productivity, private investment, social programs, and public health care in order to manage public projects with an economic sense of prudence, conscience, and proficiency. As a result, the national budget must be allocated specifically to support public services. The upcoming ASEAN membership of Cambodia would have a significant impact on the restructuring of the national budget. The tax on import and export goods will lower the national revenue. In order to accomplish this, it would make it easier for entrepreneurs to participate in the investment process and achieve the budget surplus that is needed to be the sources of internal credit, such as for public investment and financial intervention to pay raises for government employees.

The following actions must be taken right away by the Royal Government of Cambodia in order to effectively control fiscal and budgetary policies:

To stop tax evasion, take every measure at all costs.

Disbursements and revenue collection that violate the budgetary system should be strictly prohibited.

Eliminate tax exemptions that are not outlined in the investment, fiscal policy, or annual financial management laws.

In order to properly tax the goods, the Ministry of Economy and Finance must strictly inspect and control them before they are loaded, and its services are effectively carried out with a high regard for time consumption.

Execute stringent austerity measures, particularly against unnecessary expenditures. The monetary assets from privatization should just be utilized for the public venture like the foundation, or the partner asset of the credit store from the monetary establishment.

It must be forbidden to use the fund for purposes other than infrastructure.

The Regal Government embraces its political will toimpose discipline on misrepresentation, unlawful exchange of asset, and defilement. To ensurethe dependability of purchasing force of Riel money, the Regal Government would setthe spending pace of the public financial plan to be underneath the pace of the nationaleconomic development, and the pace of save asset of the banks. The National Bank's intervention in domestic monetary markets to stabilize the Riel exchange rate and the interest rate that encourages private saving.

Due to its limited financial resources, the Royal Government of Cambodia must prioritize the use of the economic measure in order to succeed in its efforts to reduce the economic imbalance. However, the economic instruments frequently came together at once. The flow of foreign investment and domestic growth will both be affected by the ongoing economic crisis and the region's slower economic growth. The Imperial Government would beat those financial hindrances all together toattain its monetary objective, in view of its last accomplishments. In order to strengthen the capacity building, work ethic, ethics, and social obligation of public servants as well as the national economy, this task requires the joint participation of national and international sectors.

III. Culture, Wellbeing , Social Commitment:

To end the decline of national culture, highlight the social ethic, promote the national cultural characteristic and progress, restore and promote culture heritage and national civilization, and initiate tough measures For that, the RoyalGovernment needs to extend the schooling of culture and development, to promotethe general comprehension of the public personality and pride, and to stop theflow of the unfamiliar culture, which influences the public culture.

In terms of health, the Royal Government would promote health care services to both the public and private sectors, disease prevention, maternal and child health care, the fight against contagious diseases, and health examinations and treatments in state hospitals and clinics.

On social issues, the Royal government would raise people's standard of living and guarantee that people from all walks of life would receive equal benefits. Fundamentally,

The Regal Government would chop down to the greatest ofthe weakness, and increment the opportunity for poor people and impoverished residents tobe ready to take part in the social and financial projects. In order to safeguard the rights and privileges of workers, employees, and employers, it would firmly implement labor law and the international convention on labor unions. It would set up a good working environment for people with disabilities, orphans, widows, and the poor, making it easier for them to live better. It would safeguard the right of womenand kids as per the general show. It would connect with the ladies inpolitics and in other social and financial fields. Participation by the minority in restoring the economic, social, and cultural heritage would be beneficial.

There is a crucial factor that must be addressed if social rehabilitation and development are to be successful: that is the assignment of buildingsocial heart, certainty, and self-assurance, which produce qualitywork. In accordance with the rules of development, it is necessary to encourage the idea and stand on ordinary productivity to improve knowledge and skill.


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