Khmer People

Ethnic Organization
The number of inhabitants in Cambodia today is around 10 million. Between 90% and 95% of the population is of Khmer descent. Khmer Islam or Chams, ethnic hill-tribe people known as the Khmer Loeu, and Vietnamese make up the remaining 5-10 percent. Cambodia is mostly a country of farmers, artisans, and people who live in the countryside. Only ten percent of the population lives in Phnom Penh, the capital.

The ethnic gatherings that comprise Cambodian culture have various financial and segment commonalties-for instance. Chinese merchants primarily resided in urban centers and served as intermediaries for numerous economic cycles. However, they also preserve cultural and social distinctions. They were gathered for the most part in focal and in southeastern Cambodia, the significant contrasts among these gatherings lie in friendly association, language, and religion.

The Tonle Sap Basin-Mekong Lowlands area is home to the majority of Cambodians who have made their homes in villages that have been around for a while and are close to the major water sources. The Khmer Loeu live in dispersed villages that are abandoned when the nearby agricultural land runs out. Most of the Khmer and Cham villages with permanent residents are on or near the banks of rivers or other bodies of water. Cham towns generally are made up as a rule of Cham, yet Khmer towns, particularly in focal and in southeastern of Cambodia, ordinarily incorporate sizable Chinese people group.

The Khmer Loeu
The Khmer Loeu are the non-Khmer good country clans in Cambodia. The Khmer Loeu are mainly found in the provinces of Rattanakiri, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri, and Crate in the northeast. The majority of Khmer Loeu live in scattered temporary villages with a few hundred people each. A council of elders or a village headman typically oversee these villages.

The Khmer Loeu cultivate a wide range of plants, but the man crop is slash-and-burned dry or upland rice. The Khmer Loeu's diet includes cultivated vegetable foods supplemented by hunting, fishing, and gathering.

From huge, long houses for multiple families to small, single-family homes, there are many types of houses. They can be built on stilts or close to the ground. The Kuy, Phnong, Brao, Jarai, and Rade are the main Khmer Loeu groups in Cambodia. The northern Cambodian provinces of Kampong Thom, Preah Vihear, and Stoeng, as well as the neighboring Thailand, were home to all but about 160,000 Kuy.

The Cham The Cham are descendants of refugees from the Kingdom of Champa, which ruled a large portion of Vietnam between Gao Ha in the north and Bien Hao in the south. The Cham now live in Cambodia.

The Cambodian Chams are partitioned into two gatherings, the universal and the conventional base on their strict practices. The orthodox group, which accounts for roughly one third of all Chams in the country, was primarily found in the Phnom Penh-Oudong region and the Takeo and Kapot provinces.

In the middle of the country, in the provinces of Battambang, Kompong Thom, Kompong Cham, and Pursat, the traditional Chams were dispersed. Both types of Chams typically live in villages that are only inhabited by other Chams; the towns might be along the shores of streams, or they might be inland. The people who live in the river villages fish and grow vegetables. They exchange rice for fish with the local Khmer.

The ladies in these towns bring in cash by winding around. Depending on the villages, the inland Chams support themselves through a variety of means. Metalworking is a specialty in some villages; others raise natural product trees or vegetables. In addition, the Chams are regarded as skilled water buffalo and ram breeders and frequently butcher cattle for their Khmer Buddhist neighbors.

The Chinese The largest ethnic minority in Cambodia was the Chinese. Sixty percent of Chinese people lived in cities and mostly did business; The remaining 40% were rural residents who worked as shopkeepers, rice, palm sugar, fruit, and fish buyers and processors, and money lenders.

It is estimated that 92% of those involved in commerce in Cambodia were Chinese, and 90% of the Chinese in Cambodia were involved in commerce. The Chinese were moneylenders in rural Cambodia, and they used usury to exert a significant amount of economic influence over ethnic Khmer peasants.

There were five main linguistic groups of Chinese in Cambodia: the Teochiu, which made up about 60%, the Cantonese, which made up about 20%, the Hokkien, which made up about 7%, and the Hakka and Hainanese, which made up 4%, respectively. Those having a place with the specific Chinese etymological gatherings in Cambodia would in general incline toward specific occupations.

Village stores were run by the Teochiu, who controlled rural credit and rice marketing facilities and make up about 90% of the rural Chinese population. They also grew vegetables. They were frequently involved in businesses like the import-export business, pharmaceutical sales, and street selling in urban areas. The Cantonese, who were most of Chinese gatherings before Teochiu movements started in the last part of the 1930s, live chiefly in the city. The Cantonese typically work as mechanics or carpenters in the transportation and constriction industries.

Some of the richest Chinese in the nation belonged to the Hokkien community, which was involved in banking and import-export business. In Kompot Province, the Hainanese started out as pepper growers and have remained the market leaders ever since. In the late 1960s, many people moved to Phnom Penh, where they reportedly had a near-monopoly on the hotel and restaurant industry. Additionally, they frequently ran tailor shops. Folk dentists, sellers of traditional Chinese medicines, and shoemakers were the most common occupations for the newly arrived Hakka in Phnom Penh.

The Vietnamese The Vietnamese population is dispersed throughout central and southeast Cambodia. Phnom Penh, Kandal, Prey Veng, and Kampong Cham were where they were most concentrated. No nearby social or strict ties exist among Cambodia and Vietnam.

The Vietnamese culture is part of Indian culture, not Chinese, like Thai and Khmer culture. The way the Vietnamese dress, their family structure, and many other aspects set them apart from the Khmers. For instance, the Vietnamese practice Mahayama Buddhism, whereas the majority of Cambodians practice Theravada Buddhism. Even though most Vietnamese lived in big cities like Phnom Penh, many of them also lived along the lower Mekong, Bassac, and Tonle Sap rivers, where they did fishing.


Post a Comment

Gallery Drama

Recent Post

Watch China